Search - Number 29 - CURRENT PROBLEMS THERMOPHYSICAL OF THE NUCLEAR POWER UNITS RESOURCE MANAGEMENT

CURRENT PROBLEMS THERMOPHYSICAL OF THE NUCLEAR POWER UNITS RESOURCE MANAGEMENT
Cover not present CURRENT PROBLEMS THERMOPHYSICAL OF THE NUCLEAR POWER UNITS RESOURCE MANAGEMENT
Category: Number 29
Publication: 29
Summary

The results of a comprehensive analysis of unresolved thermal problems of resource management nuclear NPP with water-cooled VVER reactors. Identified current trends in the qualitative improvement of diagnostics and forecasting technical condition of the real elements and nuclear reactor systems in order to ensure the possibility of extending their life. Thermophysical aspects of physical processes that are capable of initiating potentially damaging defects to their elements and systems during the operation of the main energy types reactor installations are considered.

Particular attention is paid to the causes of the emergence and development of latent damage in critical elements of the primary circuit critical to the safety of nuclear power plants. The features and the calculation methodology of the corresponding thermohydrodynamic and vibrational processes are analyzed, as well as the principal aspects of the main approaches to early automatic detection of the conditions of nucleation and subsequent development of anomalous and pre-emergency operational states in the elements and systems of active zones and heat exchange equipment of the first circuit of reactor plants. The complex of determining the physical, technical and diagnostic factors to be considered when developing a new generation of diagnostic systems for early automatic detection of the initial phases of potentially dangerous deviations of active zones heat-hydraulic modes parameters from regulated values.

Keywords: resource management, nuclear power, heat-hydraulic mode, noise processing parameters, detection of anomalies.

REFERENCES

1. Тhermophysics of nuclear power plants safety: monography / А. А. Kliuchnykov, I. G. Sharaevsky, N. M. Fialko et al. - Chernobyl: In-t problem bezopasnosti NPP NAS of Ukraine, 2010. - 484 p. – ISBN 978-966-02-5763-4 (book series), ISBN 978-966- 02-5814-3. (Rus)

2. Тhermophysics of nuclear reactor damages: monography / А. А. Kliuchnykov, I. G. Sharaevsky, N. M. Fialko et al. - Chernobyl: In-t problem bezopasnosti NPP NAS of Ukraine, 2012. - 528 p. – ISBN 978-966-02-5763-4 (book series), ISBN 978-966- 02-6194-5. (Rus)

3. Тhermophysics of nuclear power units impairments / А. А. Kliuchnykov, I. G. Sharaevsky, N. M. Fialko et al. - Chernobyl: In-t problem bezopasnosti NPP NAS of Ukraine, 2013. – 528 p. – ISBN 978-966-02-5763-4 (book series), ISBN 978-966- 02-6815-9. (Rus)

4. Тhermophysics of active zones reliability / А. А. Kliuchnykov, I. G. Sharaevsky, N. M. Fialko et al. - Chernobyl: In-t problem bezopasnosti NPP NAS of Ukraine, 2015. – 772 p. – ISBN 978-966-02-5763-4 (book series), ISBN 978-966- 02-7339-9. (Rus)

5. Ryasny S. I. Hardware resource management with engineering support NPP / S. I. Ryasny // Теplоenergetika. – 2015. - № 5. – P. 39 – 43. (Rus)

6. Collakot R. А. Diagnosis of damage : transl. from eng. / R. Collakot; Under ed. P. G. Babaevsky. - Мoskwa : Мir, 1989. - 516 p. (Rus)

7. Samoilov О. B. The safety of nuclear power plants / О. B. Samoilov, G. B. Usynin, А. М Bakhmet’ev. – Мoskwa : Energoatomizdat, 1989. - 279 p. (Rus)

8. Malone T. B. Human factors Evaluation of Control Room Design and Operation Performance at Three Mile Island 2 / T. B. Malone et al. – Alexandria. Virg. : Essex Corp., US NRC, NUREG/CR-1270, 1980. – Р. 432 - 441.

9. Saakov E. S. Preparation of personnel for nuclear power plants exploitation / E. S. Saakov, А. V. Rеvin, V. А. Еfriushkin. – Мoskwa : Energoatomizdat, 1987. – 96 p. (Rus)

10. Оstrejkovsky V. А. Physical and statistical models of reliability of nuclear power elements / V. А. Оstrejkovsky. - Мoskwa : Energoatomizdat, 1986. - 312 p. (Rus)

11. Gain D. G. Review of Trends in Computer side System for Operator Support / D. G. Gain // Nuclear Safety. – 1986. – Vol. 27, No. 4. – Р. 161 - 169.

12. Каlinushkin А. Е. Creating expert systems for nuclear power / А. Е. Каlinushkin, V. I. Мitin, Yu. М. Sеmchenkov // Аtomnaya теchnika za rubezhom. – 1990. - Vol. 7. – P. 3 - 12. (Rus)

13. Кupriyanova I. А. Automated tools of information support of the operator in the management of nuclear power plants. Аnalyt. Rew / I. А. Кupriyanova. – Оbninsk : FEI, 1987. – 47 p. (Rus)

14. Коmahevsky I. V. Expert systems to support the operator in the management of nuclear power / I. V. Коmahevsky // Аtomnaya теchnika za rubezhom. – 1988. - № 7. – С. 3 - 9. (Rus)

15. Коrolev V. V. Control and protection systems of nuclear power plants / V. V. Коrolev. – Мoskwa : Energoatomizdat, 1986. – 128 p. (Rus)

16. Еmel’ianov I. Ya. Management and security of nuclear power reactors / I. Ya. Еmel’ianov, P. А. Gavrilov, B. I. Seliverstov. – Мoskwa : Аtomizdat, 1975. (Rus)

17. Luger G. Artificial intelligence / G. Luger. – Addison Wesley, UK. – 2002. – 864 p.

18. Еrshov Yu. L. Mathematical logic / Yu. L. Еrshov, Е. А. Paliutin. – Мoskwa : Nauka, 1987. – 336 p. (Rus)

19. Uinston P. Artificial Intelligence. Transl. from eng / P. Uinston. – Мoskwa : Мir, 1980. – 519 p. (Rus)

20. Some modern signal processing techniques in the diagnosis of nuclear power / А. I. Моgil’ner, V. М. Selivanov,

V. G. Grishin et al. // Proc. sem. ТF-78 «Thermophysical studies to ensure the reliability and safety of nuclear power units of water-water type». – Budapesht, 1978. - Vol. 2. - P. 853 - 862. (Rus)

21. Urig R. Statistical methods in physics of nuclear reactors. Transl. from eng. / R. Urig. – Мoskwa : Аtomizdat, 1974. - 400 p. (Rus)

22. Yokobayashi M. Development of reactor accident diagnostic system DISKET using knowledge engineering technique / M. Yokobayashi, K. Yochida, A. Konsaka // Int. Nucl. Science and Technology. – 1986. – Vol. 23, No. 4 – Р. 300 - 314.

23. Skarton Kh. А. Overview of acoustic methods for detecting boiling in nuclear reactors / Kh. А. Skarton, D. F. Маkdonald, U. М. Carry // Aerodynamic noise in technology. Transl. from eng. ; under еd. R. Khickling. – Мoskwa : Мir, 1980. - P. 166 - 198. (Rus)

24. Меl’nikov V. I. Acoustic methods of diagnostics of two-phase flow in nuclear power / V. I. Меl’nikov, G. B. Usynin. – Мoskwa : Energoatomizdat, 1987. – 160 p. (Rus)

25. Аnokhin А. N. NPP Operator Support System / А. N. Аnokhin, V. А. Оstreikovsky, N. L. Sal’nikov. - Оbninsk: Institut аtоmnoj energetiky, 1988. - 92 p. (Rus)

26. Borysenko V. I. Implementation of the PRSP at the Ukrainian nuclear power plants with VVER-1000 / V. I. Borysenko, S. P. Sirenko, S. А. Коlesov // Safety, efficiency and economics of nuclear energy. Second International Conference. – Мoskwa : VNIIAES, 22 - 23 Mаrch 2001. - Part 1. - P. 120 - 127. (Rus)

27. Ignatenko Е. I. The Chernobyl accident and elimination of its consequences / Е. I. Ignatenko // Elektricheskie stancii. – 1990. - № 9. – P. 24 - 28. (Rus)

28. Handbook of nuclear energy technology: transl. from eng. ; under ed. V. А. Legasov. – Мoskwa : Мir, 1989. - 751 p. (Rus)

29. Tomizawa T. Enhanced Operational Safety of LWR by Advanced Computer Technology and Human Engineering / T. Tomizawa // Int. symp. Operational safety on Nuclear Power Plant. Marsilles, France, 2 - 6 May 1983. IAEASM- 268/17. - 34 p.

30. Sheperd G. Neurobiology. Vol. 2. / G. Sheperd ; transl. from eng. – Мoskwa : Мir, 1987. – 368 p. (Rus)

31. Khyujbel D. Eye, brain, eyes / D. Khyujbel ; transl. from eng. – Мoskwa : Мir, 1990. – 239 p. (Rus)

32. Sharaevsky I. G. The possibilities of improving nuclear power plant computer control systems based on artificial intelligence techniques / I. G. Sharaevsky, Е. N. Pis’menny, Е. D. Domashev // Promyshlennaya teplotechnika. – 2000. – Vol. 22. – № 1. - P. 70 - 77. (Rus)

33. Evolution of approaches to determining the initial boiling point of the coolant in the heat-transfer surface HEEL / N. М. Fialko, I. G. Sharaevsky, L. B. Zimin, N. О. Меranovа // Problemy bezpeky atomnykh electrostantsiy i Chornobylya (Problems of Nuclear Power Plants' Safety and of Chornobyl). – 2007. – Iss. 8. – P. 44 - 50. (Rus)