The article forms the vision of an innovative platform for the process of transforming the Shelter object into an environmentally safe system. The process has to go through in 3 stages. At the first stage, it is necessary to develop a project for the elimination of nuclear and radiation threats (ENRT) and the technological, organizational and financial formats of its implementation. At the second and third stages, the ENRT project is being implemented. This project should have two related objectives: the transformation of the Shelter object into an environmentally safe system and the development of science and technology in the field of nuclear and radiation safety. In order to ensure the effectiveness and efficiency of the ENRT project implementation, the creation of an innovation platform - the Nuclear Safety Technology Park (NSTP) - was proposed. To form the concept of NSTP, one can use the experience of the functioning of technological platforms and innovation clusters in Europe, taking into account the features of the ENRT project and the exclusion zone. The creation of NSTP Ukraine should show that international partners have new incentives to participate in the ENRT project. They are capable of obtaining important scientific and technological knowledge and experience with a high level of verification. In the future, PNNB should become a platform for the cooperation of the leading innovation-technological and research structures of the European Union, the USA, Japan and other countries in the urgent areas of development of radiation and nuclear safety technologies and radioactive waste management. NPNB will also contribute to the formation of a national innovation system and its integration into European and global technological spaces.
Keywords: innovation platform, ecological safety, project, object "Shelter", radiation and nuclear safety.
1. Chernobyl disaster ; Edited by V. G. Barjahtar. – Kyiv : Naukova dumka, 1995. – 568 p. (Rus)
2. The accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant: Experience to overcome. Lessons learned / A. V. Nosovsky, V. N. Vasylchenko, A. A. Kluchnikov, B. S. Prister ; Edited by A. V. Nosovsky. – Kyiv : Tekhnika, 2006. – 264 p. (Rus)
3. Slavutich: Radiation Ecology Issues : monograph / E. A. Ivanov, A. V. Nosovsky, B. J. Oskolkov, V. P. Udovichenko / Edited by A. V. Nosovsky. – Kyiv : Vyshcha shkola, 2001. – 263 p. (Rus)
4. Korneev A. A. Ecology problems of the object "Shelter" / A. A. Korneev, A. V. Nosovsky, B. J. Oskolkov // Problems of Chornobil. – 1999. – Iss. 5. – P. 117 – 123. (Rus)
5. Shestopalov V. M. Geological disposal of radioactive waste in Ukraine: history, current state, prospects / V. M. Shestopalov, U. A. Shybecky // Yaderna ta radiatsiyna bezpeka. – 2017. – № 2. – P. 3 – 10. (Rus)
6. Shehunova S. B. Geological and geophysical problems of in-depth isolation of radioactive waste / S. B. Shehunova. doi: https://doi.org/10.15407/visn2017.07.024 (Ukr)
7. Law of Ukraine "On the national program for the decommissioning of the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant and the transformation of the Shelter Object into an environmentally safe system" // Vidomosti Verkhovnoyi Rady. – 2009. – № 24. – Art. 300. (Ukr)
8. Globa N. Ukrainian innovation: a breakthrough possible? [Electronic resource]. – Access mode: http://hvylya.net/analytics/society/ukrainskie-innovatsii-proryiv-vozmozhen.html (Rus)