Search - Number 14 - PROBLEMS OF RADIATION SITUATION ASSESSMENT AND PREDICTION IN ENVIRON-MENT AROUND NPP OF UKRAINE IN THE CASE OF NUCLEAR EMERGENCY

PROBLEMS OF RADIATION SITUATION ASSESSMENT AND PREDICTION IN ENVIRON-MENT AROUND NPP OF UKRAINE IN THE CASE OF NUCLEAR EMERGENCY
Cover not present PROBLEMS OF RADIATION SITUATION ASSESSMENT AND PREDICTION IN ENVIRON-MENT AROUND NPP OF UKRAINE IN THE CASE OF NUCLEAR EMERGENCY
Category: Number 14
Publication: 14
Summary

The review of countermeasures efficiency is executed, which were conducted after the largest c-ommunal nuclear accidents at nuclear enterprises and power stations. It is showed that the countermeasures efficiency is determined by a readiness to the realization of protective measures in a before-accident period above all. The basic ways of increase of their timeliness and efficiency are described, including creation of the computer decision support systems for emergency management, development and improvement of mode-ls of radionuclides migration in environment, determination of radiation-hygienical status of territories arou-nd nuclear dangerous objects.
Keywords: communal radiation accident, emergency response, system for decision taking mainte-nance, models of environmental radionuclide spread.